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Phonology

Page history last edited by PBworks 14 years, 4 months ago

Phonology of Dunia Patwa

 

The pronunciation of Creolian is based on the top 20 consonants identified by a survey of 317 world languages, carried out by UPSID, an association associated with UC Berkeley. It is meant to be fairly easy for people of all linguistic backgrounds, but it may still involve some difficulties for speakers of specific languages. In this manual, the sounds are given along with an example from English. Of course, not all the sounds are perfectly compatible with English. The linguistic descriptions following the words are just for your information.

Vowels

 

A (father) (Open front unrounded)

E (pet) (Close mid-front unrounded)

I (sheet) (Close front unrounded)

O (coat) (Close mid-back rounded)

U (shoot) (Close back rounded)

 

Consonants

 

P (pen) (Voiceless bilabial plosive)

B (bet) (Voiced bilabial plosive)

K (cat) (Voiceless velar plosive)

G (go) (Voiced velar plosive)

T (ten) (Voiceless alveolar plosive)

D (den) (Voiced alveolar plosive)

C (cheat): Z (jet) is an option (Voiced bilabial plosive)

‘ (uh-oh) Glottal stop. There is generally no need to indicate it.

 

S (sit) (Voiceless alveolar fricative)

X (shell) (Voiceless post-alveolar fricative)

F (find): V (Venice) is an option (Voiceless labiodental fricative)

H (hat), although it should actually be a bit stronger than the English sound. It should be closer to the ch as in loch in Scotish. (Voiceless glottal fricative, but can also be an uvular or velar fricative)

 

R (red): Preferably an alveolar tap, as in Spanish and Japanese, though a trill is also acceptable as in Spanish.

 

M (mine) (Bilabial nasal)

N (not) (Alveolar nasal)

Q (long) Only at end of syllables (Velar nasal)

 

J (yard) (Palatal approximant)

W (water) (Labial velar approximant)

L (long) (Alveolar lateral approximant)

 

 

When two vowels follow one another, you should pronounce the two more or less separately, as in “chaos,” “Israel,” or “viola,” for example, but it’s generally acceptable to flow them together, so that “pei,” for example, could be pronounced as “pay” in English.

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